Ba Gua Philosophy

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Ba Gua-The Eight Trigrams

The concept of ba gua was developed within the school of naturalist philosophy, which arose in ancient China. This philosophical school, now known as Daoism, viewed the manifest universe as an integrated phenomenon defining a world view in which all things are relative to each other.

This concept was advanced through the Theory of Yin and Yang. This theory postulates matter and energy are relative to each other; that yin and yang continually interact with and transform into one another; and that nothing is absolutely yin or yang, inferring yin contains within it yang, and yang contains within it yin. The theory further states that all phenomena are relative to each other; for example, night and day, up and down, hard and soft, male and female, hot and cold. Yin and yang are not material or energetic objects, but are labels used to define relationships. In the relationship of matter to energy, matter is considered yin and energy yang. This theory is viewed as a fundamental principle of the universe.

The ba gua are a series of eight diagrams that represent the interaction of yin and yang. Their interpretation conveys a deep definition of this interaction. Understanding ba gua begins with the concept of wuji. Wuji, translates as no limitations. Wuji is the primordial absolute emptiness from which emerges the great principle of yin and yang. This principle is also called Taiji, which translates as the great limitation.